Mar 12, 2014

Electrochemical etching of n-type 6H-SiC without UV illumination

Deep etching of n-type 6H - SiC using a two-step etching process has been studied. First, anodization of 6H - SiC in an HF electrolyte (2 wt.%) without ultraviolet light is applied to form a deep porous layer with the desired dimensions. Then, a thermal oxidation process is used to oxidize this porous layer. The oxidized layer is then removed in a concentrated HF solution. In the experiments, the etching parameters electrolyte concentration and current density are optimized in order to obtain a uniform pore size and hence, a smooth etched surface. After adjusting these parameters, the porous layer formation experiments are carried out at 20°C in a 2 wt.% HF electrolyte using a current density of 50 mA/cm 2 . The corresponding porous layer formation rate is about 1.1 μm/min. To demonstrate the capabilities of this SiC bulk micromachining process, deep circular cavities are fabricated in n-type 6H - SiCsubstrates.


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